Symptom: Dementia Due to HIV Infection

    Decline in mental processes is a common complication of HIV infection (and many other conditions).
  • Although the specific symptoms vary from person to person, they may be part of a single disorder known as AIDS dementia complex, or ADC. Other names for ADC are HIV-associated dementia and HIV/AIDS encephalopathy.
  • Common symptoms include decline in thinking, or “cognitive,” functions such as memory, reasoning, judgment, concentration, and problem solving.
  • Other common symptoms are changes in personality and behavior, speech problems, and motor (movement) problems such as clumsiness and poor balance.
  • When these symptoms are severe enough to interfere with everyday activity, a diagnosis of dementia may be warranted.
  • AIDS dementia complex typically occurs as CD4+ count falls to less than 200 cells/microliter. It may be the first sign of AIDS. With the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), the frequency of ADC has declined from 30-60% of people infected with HIV to less than 20%. HAART may not only prevent or delay the onset of AIDS dementia complex in people with HIV infection, it can also improve mental function in people who already have ADC.

    Source: http://www.emedicinehealth.com

    1 23...Next»(Page 1 of 14)GlossaryDementia Due to HIV Infection Topic Guide YOU MAY ALSO LIKE VIEW HIV/AIDS Myths and Facts Must Read Articles Related to Dementia Due to HIV Infection Dementia Overview Dementia is the loss of reasoning, memory, and other mental abilities. Dementia may be caused by irreversible as well as treatable causes. A variety of tests (b...learn more >> HIV Testing Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). HIV destroys the body's immune system and leads to AIDS....learn more >> HIV/AIDS HIV has killed about 25 million individuals, and approximately 40 million people are currently living with the disease. 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    Source: http://www.emedicinehealth.com

    Medical Author: Florian P Thomas, MD, MA, PhD Medical Editor: Nestor Galvez-Jimenez, MD Medical Editor: Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD Medical Editor: Helmi L Lutsep, MD

    Source: http://www.emedicinehealth.com

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