Symptom: Cognitive Deficits

    Cognitive deficits, also called intellectual disability, is a condition beginning in childhood in which people show significant limitations in their ability to learn and function. The two systems most commonly used to categorize individuals with intellectual disability are those adopted by the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD) and the American Psychiatric Association (DSM-IV-TR). The DSM-IV subdivides individuals with intellectual disability into degrees of severity based on their level of impairment (mild, moderate, severe, or profound) in intellectual functioning, while the AAMR classifies individuals on their ability to function in an inclusive environment and defines the degree of severity (intermittent, limited, extensive, or pervasive) based on the patterns and intensity of support needed. About 5% of the population have cognitive deficits, and most of these individuals fall into the mild range deficit category. Sometimes, children with attention deficits, learning disabilities, communication disorders, or pervasive developmental disorders may be thought to have intellectual disability. To make a correct diagnosis, all children with a pattern of delayed or abnormal development or learning should undergo comprehensive psychoeducational testing.

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    1 23...Next»(Page 1 of 17)GlossaryCognitive Deficits Topic Guide Must Read Articles Related to Cognitive Deficits Dementia Overview Dementia is the loss of reasoning, memory, and other mental abilities. Dementia may be caused by irreversible as well as treatable causes. A variety of tests (b...learn more >> Huntington Disease Dementia Huntington disease (HD) is a devastating disorder that destroys nerve cells (neurons) in parts of the brain.learn more >> Stroke-Related Dementia Stroke (“brain attack”) is a disease of the blood vessels in and around the brain. It occurs when part of the brain does not receive enough blood to...learn more >> See the Entire Cognitive Deficits Topic Guide » Patient Comments & Reviews The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Cognitive Deficits: Cognitive Deficits - Experience Please describe your experience with cognitive deficits. Share Your Story Cognitive Deficits - Symptoms What were the symptoms of your cognitive deficits? Share Your Story Cognitive Deficits - Self-Care at Home What was the self-care at home for your cognitive deficits? 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    Medical Author: Georgina Peacock, MD Medical Editor: Elizabeth A Finley-Belgrad, MD Medical Editor: Mary L Windle, PharmD Medical Editor: Cynthia R Ellis, MDr Medical Editor: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, Chief Medical Editor

    Source: http://www.emedicinehealth.com

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